Platinum Building Chemicals Ltd | Waterproofing Membranes
Platinum CV8 is a high quality Cavity Drain Membrane manufactured from high-density polyethylene (HDPE).
Platinum CV8 impermeable and resistant to the usual chemicals in the building construction. Studs are formed in a regular pattern on the one face of the product. The studs are spaced at approx. 25mm centres in both directions.
Platinum CV8 is CE marked in accordance with EN 13967 and EN 13984.
Platinum CV8 membrane is tough but pliable and can be bent round corners and projections without risk of breaking, even in very low temperatures. The product can be easily cut with a knife or scissors.
Available in various Roll sizes ranging from 10M² to 40M².
Platinum CV8 Cavity Drain Membrane can be applied to almost all sound building structures below ground, which are affected by dampness or water ingress. However, they are not recommended for installation in the following situations.
Where the Cavity Membrane System cannot be drained, otherwise the system will fail.
Fixed onto internal flat soffits unless the soffit has an existing fall or a fall can be formed at the design stage (in the case of new build construction) or created using sand & cement renders, otherwise water would pond behind the membrane and build up like a balloon. The weight of water would inevitably burst the membrane seals, which are not designed to hold water under pressure.
Under or on top of concrete/stone staircase treads and risers, because of the many convoluting junctions and angle details. In such circumstances, we recommend they be treated independently using an epoxy vapour barrier.
Platinum CV8 Cavity Drain Membranes are capable of dealing with (quite) large volumes of water, so ingressing water will not usually require remedial action. But if the flow rate is such that it will be able to carry silts / dissolved lime with it, then this inflow should be stemmed/controlled prior to fitting the membrane. This can be achieved as follows.
If ingressing water is localised then the application of Water-Stop Plugging Compound will often be sufficient.
If ingressing water is more general and cannot be dealt with by localised plugging, consideration should be given to applying a general coat of 3:1 render incorporating an accelerator in the mix.
When water is flowing through concrete or mortar (particularly when it is new) there is a tendency for dissolved lime to be brought into the cavity.
This lime can then come out of solution and block up cavities and drains. If this is a risk, then the source of water ingress needs to be treated in the same way as silt bearing water, as described above.
NB: Regardless of conditions at the time of inspection, BS 8102 says it must be assumed hydrostatic pressure is going to occur at some time during the lifetime of the basement. This means that some form of water removal system must always be fitted with a Cavity Membrane in below ground structures.
There are two principle forms of drainage, these are natural (gravity) and mechanical (sump & pump) and can be used in conjunction with falls or drainage channels.
However, when assessing the type of drainage facility to be used and because the drainage is the key to the success of the cavity membrane system, it is important to take into consideration the following points.
Where drainage with gravity is feasible within the bounds of the property or at a point of exit from the property, it is most important to establish that the ‘internal drainage’ is in good working order and to question whether the local drains are connected to public drains or a soakaway.
Drains can and do block up or back up causing flooding, including escape of foul waste and pungent smells.
Soakaways can also fill up during periods of heavy rain, which would lead to flooding and failure of the cavity membrane system.
In situations where the membrane installer finds that the only possibility of draining the cavity membrane is into a foul / soakaway system or his client so instructs, liability for the waterproofing system should therefore be excluded in the event of blockage of the foul pipes or the soakaways filling up. We always recommend the inclusion of sump and pumps.
Platinum Chemicals offer an off-the-shelf sump and pump drainage system, ‘The Aqua Pump Range’ and ‘Aqua Pump Pro Range’ which has been specifically designed for the purpose of controlling ground water ingress.
The simple to fit sump pump kit comprises a polyethylene pre-formed sump chamber with a structural lid. The submersible Aqua Pump is controlled by an automatic integral float switch and comes with a non-return valve and a high level water alarm that warns of mechanical or power failure.
However, it would be prudent to install a double pump system ‘The Aqua Pump Plus Kit’ which consists of two pumps in the sump chamber. This secondary pump would provide a back up in case of mechanical failure of the principal pump.
Consideration should also be given to installing a Battery Back-up Pump in case of a power failure and is also available from Platinum Chemicals.
Platinum CV8 can be used in conjunction with Triton® Aqua Channel, which is a PVC drainage conduit specifically designed for the control of water ingress in below ground situations.
It is fitted around the perimeter of the floor at the vulnerable wall / floor junction and can be used in most waterproofing situations, and is particularly suited for use in conjunction with Cavity Drain Membrane Systems.
Water entering the building through the walls is controlled behind the membrane and diverted to the Aqua Channel at the base of the wall. The water enters the Aqua Channel through pre-drilled drainage holes and must then be diverted to a suitable drainage point, either natural or a sump and mechanical pump. Rodding Eyes can also be incorporated into the Aqua Channel.
It is essential that there are no undulating surfaces or depressions in the floor. In new build or whenever floors are being replaced, the floor slabs can be designed and constructed to falls 2° or 3° towards the water collection facility, i.e. sump chamber.
Where an existing solid floor is to be retained a sand/cement screed can be laid over the entire floor gently sloping towards the sump. In all cases the floor should always be tested by spraying with a hose, to ensure that all water finds its way to the water collection point before laying the cavity membrane.
Note: Wherever possible (head height permitting) we recommend that Platinum CV20 be used on floors. This is because the Platinum CV20 Membrane has a far greater drainage capacity and significantly reduces the risk of hydrostatic pressure building up within the cavity.
Consideration must be given to the implications of fitting sumps in the ground, e.g. where unstable elements are present, such as chalk or sand.
The installation of a perforated sump chamber could cause washing away and potential undermining. Therefore, in such cases, only sealed sumps should be installed and structurally held in place by concrete etc, with the water collection limited to that entering from the drainage channels.
The final decision on the sump type in cases where ground conditions are unknown should be delayed until excavation is undertaken.
IMPORTANT NOTE: If there is any concern as to whether there is a risk of de watering the ground to a condition whereby the structure as a whole could or may be undermined, then advice should be sought from a chartered engineer.
If the Triton® Aqua Channel cannot be formed / inserted into the floor at the wall/floor junction, because there are in-situ reinforcing bars in the slab.
Then either a fall must be created in the floor (as previously described under the heading falls) or a series of small surface channels (cut into the floor like chevrons) must be formed with a fall towards the direction of the sump/water collection chamber.
Plaster that may be affected by being closed in behind the Cavity Membrane, such as gypsum or lightweight plaster, or where the existing plaster is loose or de-bonding, should be removed from walls / soffits prior to membrane application.
Only where dense and well adhered sand and cement renders are present and where removal may cause unwanted structural damage to substrates can they be left in place.
One of the benefits of using cavity drain membrane is that in general, very little preparation to the substrates is required and although the cavity membrane is flexible and does not need a perfect surface for application, the following points need to be considered.
Unsound materials on the surface like renders or plasters need to be removed. Any organic materials such as wallpaper, timber skirtings, fixing grounds etc need to be removed.
A specialist Timber Treatment contractor should investigate any fungal decay / infestations in timbers. Also timber that is in contact with damp masonry should be removed or physically isolated.
Excessively uneven wall and floor surfaces should be dubbed out/levelled especially if timber battens are to be fixed to support dry lining board. Where a wooden floor finish is required such as T&G flooring grade chipboard, it must also be borne in mind that the membrane will follow the contours of the floor. Therefore to achieve a flat surface, any depressions or undulations must be ironed out to avoid undue movement in the floor finishes.
Substrates must be free of sharp protruding objects and debris etc that can damage the membrane. We would also recommend that where mould, mosses, lichens and algae has affected substrates, sterilisation with a surface biocide should be used.
Loose, friable or defective masonry should be repaired to ensure a solid fixing.
New concrete should be treated with Platinum Lime Inhibitor which prevents free lime from the curing concrete being drawn out by ingressing water.
Set out below is a generic method of installation, which can be used to apply Cavity Drain Membranes continuously between wall and floor.
NB it is assumed by this stage, that the site and design considerations mentioned earlier in this document, have been assessed and the type of drainage facility chosen has been tested.
The installation of Platinum CV8 Membrane can be fixed to walls either vertically or horizontally, but when choosing the method of application, consideration should be given to the height of walls in relation to the size of the roll of membrane.
There are fewer joints in horizontal applications but it can be awkward and difficult to manoeuvre the weight of a full roll of membrane. Particularly in situations where the membrane has to be taken in and out of numerous recesses, also around convoluting junctions or were walls are not square.
Vertical application may have more joints and require more Waterseal Tape, but this method is more manageable and much easier to fix.
Platinum CV8 Membrane is fixed to walls with Brick Plugs & Sealing Washers. This will form a seal with the membrane when the plug is driven home into the substrate.
If the ceiling height is constant, measure and cut drops of the membrane to completely cover the wall areas to be treated. Place the membrane against the wall as level as possible by eye sight and in the top right or left hand corner (depending on which way around the room the membrane is being taken) drill a hole through the centre of the membrane stud using a 10mm drill bit.
Insert the brick plug and hammer home the plug till it finishes flush with the membrane.
Using a spirit level, level out the membrane and then drill and fix another Brick Plug in the same manner approximately 1.5M along the top of the sheet and along the same line of stud as the first fixing.
Offer up the next length of membrane and position the flange over the studs of the first sheet and fix with two Brick Plugs at high level as previously described.
Continue on in this manner, ensuring the membrane stays as level as possible until all the walls are covered. These independent membrane drops will relax after a while and hang flatter to the wall. The drops are now ready for the next step.
Thoroughly clean the flange and the studs where the seal is to be made, (the best cleaning material is Paper Towel). Any dust or dirt will compromise the integrity of the sealed joint. If the membrane is covered in plaster or brick dust, wash off with clean fresh water only and allow to dry. DO NOT use soap or detergents, as these will leave traces on the membrane, which may affect the seal at a later date or make sealing more difficult.
The separate membrane drops should now be sealed together using Waterseal Tape. Apply the tape to the stud area below, which the flange will cover and press home onto the area between the studs.
Flick over the flange section to cover the tape line, and check for uniformity of cover on tape line. Remove the tape backing paper, starting from the middle section of the wall drop, forming two backing paper tags, one going up and the other down.
On the exposed section of tape apply hand pressure only to the flange to form an initial seal. Carry on to form the seal from the centre section of membrane working up to the top, then go back to the centre and repeat the operation going downwards.
Sealing in this manner will prevent any buckling between the membrane or stress concentration at the joint. In very cold or humid conditions a hot air gun can be used to obtain a good sealed joint.
Now that the membrane is sealed to form one continuous sheet, Brick Plugs can now be fixed through the membrane in position to accommodate the chosen dry lining system.
NOTE: Although a 10mm Drill Bit is the correct size to use, in very soft brickwork this can result in loose fixing. In these circumstances, it is useful to have on hand drill sizes down to 8mm Drill Bit and experiment with different sizes for the best results.
Begin at one side of the room and unroll the Floor Membrane against the Wall Membrane with the studs facing down onto the floor.
Allow for the membrane flange overlap, cut the membrane to the desired length or width of the floor. Repeat this exercise until all the lengths / widths required to cover the floor area have been cut.
Roll out the next length/sheet of membrane and position the flange over the studs of the first sheet laid and thoroughly clean the flange and the studs where the seal is to be made as previously described for wall application.
Apply Waterseal Tape to the stud area below which the flange will cover and press home onto the area between the studs.
Flick over the flange section to cover the tape line, and check for uniformity of cover on tape line. Remove the tape backing paper, starting from the middle section of the membrane sheet, and peel off backing paper in opposite directions along the flange. On the exposed section of tape apply hand pressure only to the flange to form an initial seal. Carry on forming the seal working away from the centre of the membrane.
Foot pressure can be applied by sliding the sole of the foot over the membrane joint, to ensure that the membranes are fully bonded. Sealing in this manner will prevent any buckling between the membrane or stress concentration at the joint.
In very cold or humid conditions a hot air gun can be used to obtain a good sealed joint.
The next stage of the operation is to link the floor membrane to the wall membrane, which can be achieved, using Corner Strip / Overtape. Using the Overtape, work out how many linear metres there are around the walls, the Overtape is supplied in manageable 5M, 10M or 20M Lengths.
The Overtape is folded in half along the length of the piece to be used and positioned with the crease into the angle as described for the wall / floor junction.
Once correctly aligned, carefully pull off the backing paper and press firmly out with the palm of the hand onto the floor and wall membranes.
Platinum CV8 should not be fixed to the under side of a flat soffit unless a fall exists or a fall can be created in the soffit itself.
The soffit should first be measured to establish the desired lengths or widths of membrane required to cover the area and then a further 200mm of membrane should be added to the measurements, to allow for the membrane to be lapped down all the peripheral walls.
Apply Waterseal Rope to Brick Plugs, then around the perimeter edges of the membrane, fold the membrane inward 200mm to form a positive creased and create a down lap. Offer the membrane up to the soffit and position the down lap creases into the junction between the soffit and wall.
Drill and fix enough Brick Plugs through the membrane and into the soffit to hold the membrane in place with the studs against the soffit.
NB: Wherever the soffit membrane meets the wall, a 200mm down lap must be allowed and formed as above.
Offer the next length/sheet of membrane up to the soffit and position the flange over the studs of the first sheet, fix and secure the membrane as described above. Repeat this operation until all the membrane sheets are held in place.
Thoroughly clean the flange and the studs where the seal is to be made as previously described for wall application.
Apply Waterseal Tape to the stud area, which the flange will cover and press home onto the area between the studs. The membrane should now be sealed to form one continuous sheet, Brick Plugs can now be fixed through the membrane, in positions to accommodate the chosen dry lining system.
NOTE: It is important to ensure that the membrane is taut against the soffit and doesn’t sag, otherwise water ponding will occur and the membrane/seals could fail.
Internal and external corners are formed in exactly the same way as that which has been previously described in ‘Floor Applications' using Platinum CV8 with membrane upstand except in this case, they will be formed in reverse and be upside down.
Where there are services such as pipes, ducting or steel stanchion that protrude through walls or floors, the membrane should be carefully cut and trimmed around the obstacle and sealed using a combination of Waterseal Rope or Newton Mastic and Corner Strip.
Door and Window Frames and timber surrounds should always be removed to enable the membrane to be extended around or into door and window reveals to maintain the continuity of the waterproofing system and to also provide a physical barrier between the frames and damp masonry.
In situations where the membrane would restrict or limit the profile of replaced frames, then Plain DPC can be used to line and protect the reveals instead.
There is no requirement to ventilate the membrane cavity in a fully sealed system such as in under pavement vault application.
In a semi sealed system, the cavity between membrane and substrate can be vented into the room space with passive vents or if this is not possible, it can be vented through the external wall using a 150 x 225 air brick inserted every 1.5M to 2.0M along the wall.
It is important that the cavity between the membrane and internal finish i.e. dry lining is not vented so as to avoid possible interstitial condensation. However, consideration should be given to the risk of condensation forming within the room itself and the introduction of a humidistat controlled extract fan should therefore be recommended.
Refer to BS8102 (2009) Table 2 for further reference. Part F of Building Regulations concerning ventilation in basements.
If timber battens are to be used, the traditional method is to fix a vertical batten 25mm x 50mm.
The Brick Plugs in this instance should be fixed at 400mm centres horizontally and 600mm centres vertically. Platinum Brick Plugs will take 25mm of screw, so be sure to purchase the correct length for the thickness of batten.
NB: We would however, recommend that foil back plasterboard be used to prevent interstitial condensation forming in the cavity.
For a metal fast track dry lining system such as Gypliner or Lafarge, the brick plugs should be fixed at 600mm centres horizontally and 800mm centres vertically. If an independent timber or metal frame system is to be used, the wall membrane can be ‘curtain hung’. The membrane is simply dressed down the walls just like hanging a curtain or sheet. This method of installation requires less fixings.
NOTE: We would however, recommend that foil back plasterboard be used to prevent interstitial condensation forming in the cavity.
There is a wide choice of floor coverings that can be laid on top of floor membrane
Domestic: Minimum 50mm screed or 20mm reinforced polymer modified self-levelling screed.
Industrial: Minimum 75mm reinforced screed or 35mm reinforced polymer modified self-levelling screed.
For Platinum CV8 Membrane applied to walls at or above ground level, the maximum insulation thickness should be 50mm.
When Platinum CV8 membrane is applied to earth retaining walls full height of a basement, there is no upper limit to insulation thickness. However, if Platinum CV8 Membrane is applied to part earth retaining walls, then the maximum insulation thickness should be 50mm.
There is no upper limit to insulation thickness for membrane applied to solid floors at ground or below ground level.
When working in a conventional vault with rounded ceilings the water can run off freely and the following method should be adopted:
When lining vaults always work from the front to the back, starting on the centre line of the vault. Measure the length of the vault and add 400mm to this measurement, then cut the membrane to the length.
Form a 900 downturn crease 200mm in from either end of the membrane and prepare the Brick Plugs by wrapping with Waterseal Rope.
Offer the membrane up to the vault ceiling along the centre line of the vault, and drill and hammer home the fixing plugs in a straight line at 600mm centres from front to rear. These will provide fixing points for the dry lining system.
The creased downturn at either end of the vault will start to deform going into the curvature of the vault ceiling. Where this occurs, carefully slit / cut the deformed sections towards the crease but stop short of the crease by one stud.
The membrane can now be overlaid and will flatten out and follow the curvature. Several slits may be required to achieve this depending on the radius of the vault.
Continue to work out from the first sheet, ensuring a weathered joint of not less than eight studs. The flange should be used to make both of these weathered joints either side of the initial membrane fixed off the central line of the vault.
The weathered joints are sealed flange over stud using Waterseal Tape.
All the sheets running from front to back of the vault are cut overall length of vaulted soffit. This should give coverage to the vault, past the springing line down to the floor slab line, together with a 200mm return to either end of the vault.
The end walls are now ready to be lined with the membrane. The end wall sections are cut to the true width of the vault so that the membrane overlaps the membrane returns already formed. These sections of membrane are fixed and sealed in exactly the same way as described for wall application. The end wall membrane stud to stud joint should be sealed around the radius with Waterseal Rope and if necessary Corner Strip / Overtape.
The floor membrane is now ready to be laid over the completed drainage system.
Platinum CV8 is CE marked in accordance with EN 13967 and EN 13984.
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